Indigenous Peoples include three groups:  First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples.

Although these groups share many similarities, they each have their own distinct heritages, languages, cultural practices and spiritual beliefs. 

  • There are more than 630 First Nation communities in Canada, which represent more than 50 Nations and 50 Indigenous languages.
  • Many Inuit in Canada live in about 51 communities across the northern regions, in Inuit Nunangat, which means "the place where Inuit live."
  • Métis are a culturally distinct nation of people of mixed European and Indigenous ancestry. Almost 600,000 people in Canada identify as Métis, and they represent approximately 35 percent of the total Indigenous population and 1.5% of the Canadian population. 

Please consider exploring these child-friendly resources with your family, check out Moccasin Identifier or support the Save the Evidence Campaign with a virtual tour of a residential school.